Copyright protection arises automatically when an original work of authorship is fixed in a tangible medium of expression.
The use of copyright notice is optional for works distributed after March 1, 1989. Copyright notice can take any of these three forms:
Any of these copyright notices represents . Please feel free to contact me via email for use requests.
The Exclusive Rights
A copyright owner has five exclusive rights in the copyrighted work:
Anyone who violates any of the exclusive rights of a copyright owner is an infringer.
Example: Developer scanned Photographer's copyrighted photograph, altered the image by using digital editing software, and included the altered version of the photograph in a multimedia work that Developer sold to consumers. If Developer used Photographer's photograph without permission, Developer infringed Photographer's copyright by violating the reproduction right (scanning the photograph), the modification right (altering the photograph), and the distribution right (selling the altered photograph as part of the multimedia work).
A copyright owner can recover actual or, in some cases, statutory damages from an infringer. The federal district courts have the power to issue injunctions (orders) to prevent or restrain copyright infringement and to order the impoundment and destruction of infringing copies.
Under current law, the copyright term for works created by individuals is the life of the author plus 70 years.